Ovulation is the release of egg from the ovaries. It is one part of the female menstrual cycle when a mature ovarian de Graaf’s follicle which is part of the ovary discharges an egg, also known as an ovum or the oocyte.
After ovulation, during the luteal phase, the egg travels down the fallopian tube where it will be available to be fertilized by sperm. If everything goes well, pregnancy ensues. Calculating ovulation is therefore not something to leave to chance if you’re trying to conceive. Charting and tracking your ovulation cycle obviously a big part of everything. Its simple…… If you know when you are ovulating, you can figure out when you are most likely to get pregnant and increase your chances of achieving conception during that cycle. You’re potentially fertile beginning five days before you ovulate through the day of ovulation, although you’re much more likely to get pregnant if you have sex during the final three days.
There’s no foolproof method to predict exactly when you’ll ovulate. But here are a few ways you can estimate when it’s most likely to happen, so you can try to time sex accordingly and boost your chances of getting pregnant. In one large study, the day of ovulation varied from seven to 19 days before menstruation among women with 28-day cycles. Ovulation happened 14 days before a period only 10 percent of the time. This is why it is important to have sex at least every 2 days when you’re trying to conceive as it is possible to miss your fertile period entirely if you’re calculating ovulation days wrongly.
You need to start by figuring out the length of your average menstrual cycle. Day one is the first day of the menstrual period and the last day is the day before the next period begins. Keep track of the days, and once you start your period again, remember to mark it on a calendar. Do that for each cycle. It will help you keep track. Most women have a cycle of between 28 and 30 days. By counting your cycle for several months, you will be able to really start to see a pattern and figure out when you are ovulating each month. Ovulation happens about two weeks before the next expected period. So if your average menstrual cycle is 28 days, you may ovulate around day 14 (between days 13 and 15). OVULATION RARELY HAPPENS EXACTLY 14 DAYS BEFORE MENSTRUATION.
To calculate your ovulation DATE, start counting from the LAST day of your cycle, count BACKWARDS 17 days. That day is the day that you are MOST LIKELY to ovulate. Most women believe that they ovulate 14 days after their period starts, but that is not always true, so it is very important to chart your cycles for a few months so you know exactly when you are ovulating. So, for example, if day 1 is the first day of your period and day 28 is the day before you expect your next period, you’d be fertile on or around days 10 through 15. This includes your exact ovulation day and the length of time sperm cells can be viable in a female reproductive tract.
This method is the easiest way to estimate your fertile window if your cycle is regular i.e the same number of days each time. As I said earlier, it’s possible to miss your fertile window altogether using this method, but it’s easy and free so it’s worth a try.
Get an ovulation predictor kit. There are two kinds of kits: The most popular types test urine, while the other type tests saliva. The stick test indicates when your level of luteinizing hormone (LH) has gone up, which usually means one of your ovaries will soon release an egg. With the saliva test, you use a microscope to spot a pattern in your dried saliva that indicates the rise in estrogen which happens in the days before ovulation. Whichever type you choose will show a positive result in the days before you ovulate, giving you time to plan ahead for baby-making sex. This is a more accurate way to check when you are ovulating. There are also lots of online ovulation calculator applications you can download that can help you to determine when you will ovulate. Once you get the hang of it, charting your ovulation is actually very easy and can really help you figure out when you are most likely to get pregnant.
The kits are available everywhere, but may be expensive.
You can get a special thermometer and chart your Basal Body Temperature (BBT) each day. Your BBT is your lowest body temperature in a 24-hour period. You have to measure it every morning with a special thermometer and record it on the chart. On the day after you ovulate, you should see an uptick of 0.5 to 1.0 degree Fahrenheit in your BBT. This temperature increase typically lasts until your next period. You will notice a small spike on your chart when you are ovulating. Charts are usually free when you buy the thermometer.
There is also another way to calculate when you are ovulating. When you are not menstruating, you can check your vaginal discharge for cervical mucus each day. Cervical mucus is the vaginal discharge you sometimes find in your underwear. For most of the month, you may have very little of it, or it may be thick and sticky. But in the three to four days around your ovulation, you’ll notice an increase in cervical mucus and a change in its texture. It’ll be clear, slippery, and stretchy, like raw egg whites. When the cervical mucus is watery and like egg whites is when you are ovulating.
These changes are usually very subtle so you will need to track them and chart them for a few cycles to notice a pattern to determine when you ovulate, and this method takes time and effort to do accurately, but it is worth it! If you pay attention to these clues by noting them on a chart, you may see a pattern that can help you predict when you’re likely to ovulate next. This only works if your periods are regular. If they are irregular, you may not notice a pattern, but the temperature spike will still be present and you can work with that.
You should also take note of mild cramping. Many women report that they feel mild cramps or twinges of lower abdominal pain on one side , or a one-sided backache around the time of ovulation. These sensations are known as mittelschmerz. Although it isn’t a precise way to determine when you’re ovulating, it may be a useful adjunct to the other methods above, so it may be helpful to be aware of these symptoms (if you have them) especially while using the calendar, BBT, or cervical mucus methods.
You can contact us for assistance, or questions.
Congratulations in advance!